The Achilles tendon runs down the back of the lower leg and connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. It is commonly referred to as the “heel cord” and is responsible for flexing your foot down and pushing off in certain movements such as jumping and standing on your tip-toes.
The Achilles tendon, much like most the tendons in your body, can become painful if it is overworked. The tendon can become strained with irregular or sudden movements. This leads to inflammation of the tendon at various points of the tendon such as at its attachment point to the back of the heel (insertional achilles tendinitis) or in the middle of the tendon (central achilles tendinitis). There is a weak point of tendon, commonly referred to the “watershed area” which has a poor blood supply and is the most common for tendon to tear or completely rupture.
The physicians at Complete Foot and Ankle will perform a thorough clinical exam to determine the type and severity of achilles tenon injury. Inflammation is usually treated with immobilization with a boot cast or brace, anti-inflammatory medicine and of course rest. Advanced imaging such as an MRI will be routinely ordered if there is a possibility of a partial tear or rupture.
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