Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects a significant population worldwide due to low sensitivity to insulin or insufficient insulin production. If you have diabetes, you probably know that abnormally high sugar levels in your blood for prolonged periods may cause serious complications, including diabetic foot problems.
In this article, we will share some important information about diabetic foot disease. Read on to find more.
What is Diabetic Foot Disease?
People with diabetes are vulnerable to many foot problems that occur due to two major complications: poor circulation and nerve damage. It is estimated that about 25% of people with diabetes are affected by foot diseases, including the destruction of foot tissues, ulcerations, and infections. A diabetic foot ulcer is the most common foot disease in diabetic people, leading to complications like lower extremity amputations.
People with diabetes face two major foot problems:
1. Diabetic Neuropathy:
If not controlled, diabetes can cause nerve damage in your legs and feet. Nerve damage causes your feet to be numb, which makes it hard for you to feel any sensation (heat, cold, pain) in your extremities. This lack of sensation due to nerve damage in the feet is known as “diabetic neuropathy.”
Diabetic people with neuropathy do not sometimes notice any infection or soreness in their feet, which may lead to an increased risk of blisters, ulcers, cuts, and sores.
Diabetic neuropathy also causes the foot muscles not to work properly, which results in too much pressure on the part of the foot.
2. Peripheral Vascular Disease:
Poor blood circulation is another outcome of uncontrolled diabetes. Poor blood flow causes the wound to heal slowly, leading to infection and pain. When blood flow is reduced in the hands and feet, this may cause peripheral vascular disease. Your risk of developing ulcer or gangrene increases with peripheral vascular disease because it delays the wound healing process.
Who is at the Risk for Diabetic Foot Disease?
Diabetic foot disease is not caused by diabetes itself. When the hemoglobin A- 1C levels remain higher than eight for many years, they cause chronically high blood sugar levels, leading to nerve damage in the feet.
Your risk for diabetic neuropathy increases if you:
• Have abnormally high blood sugar
• Are aged over 40 years
• Have type 1 or type 2 diabetes
Diabetic Foot Disease Complications:
Inflammations, nerve damage, and poor circulation sometimes make it difficult for you a foot injury like a sore or blister. If go unnoticed, a minor infection can lead to a more serious foot infection requiring amputation. Diabetic foot complications can increase the chances of a diabetic person losing their leg by 25 times.
Diabetic Foot Care:
Foot hygiene is essential for diabetic people to prevent foot infections. Looking for complete foot and ankle care? Complete Foot & Ankle in Ridgewood and Newark, New Jersey, provides foot care treatments to people of all ages to help them live a happy life. At Complete Foot & Ankle, our doctors are ready to deliver you the best foot care, followed by regular examination of your feet. Request an online appointment at 201-445-2288 to get more information.