Not only is the appearance of bunions bothersome, but so are the complications and side effects. Without treatment, bunions can lead to more troublesome conditions like bursitis and hammertoe. But the podiatrists at Complete Foot and Ankle offer orthotics, slings, and procedures to treat your bunions. Jacob Reinkraut, DPM, FACFAS; Michelle Suh, DPM, ABPM; and Danny Gomez, DPM, FACFAS, know all the best bunion-busting strategies. To eliminate your bunion, schedule an appointment online or over the phone at the Ridgewood or Newark, New Jersey location.
Bunion Q & A
What are bunions?
A bunion is a bony outgrowth that forms alongside the big toe. When the big toe bends in toward the other toes, the base joint pushes outward, forming a bump.
What risk factors make me more likely to develop bunions?
The following factors put you at risk of developing bunions:
- Shoes that squeeze your toes out of alignment
- Injury to the foot
- Structural deformities
What problems develop as a result of bunions?
Although bunions are usually harmless, they are unsightly and can leave you susceptible to more painful problems. For example, bunions can lead to bursitis, hammer toe, and metatarsalgia.
Furthermore, if your bunions become inflamed, they may become painful and cause the toes to rub together. As the toes rub together, painful calluses and corns may form on top of your bunion and make it difficult for you to wear shoes or walk normally.
How do you treat bunions?
Your podiatrist starts with some basic adjustments to your footwear and habits.
For example, you may benefit from wearing roomier shoes, inserts, or custom-fitted orthotics to improve your foot alignment. Bunion pads and tape may also help hold your big toe in proper position. If your bunion causes pain, you can try ice, pain medications, and cortisone injections to reduce inflammation.
If those strategies don’t provide relief and your bunion causes significant discomfort and disrupts everyday tasks, you may be a good candidate for surgery. Your Complete Foot and Ankle podiatrist may use one or multiple surgical options to correct your toe alignment:
- Osteotomy: cuts to the bone and realigning the joint
- Arthrodesis: involves removing arthritic joint tissue and using screws or plates to hold the toe in place
- Exostectomy: removal of the part of the bone that causes the bump
- Resection arthroplasty: involves removing the damaged part of the joint
If you have bunions on one or both feet, contact the specialists at Complete Food and Ankle online or over the phone for an appointment.